In a future fossil-free society, the forest company Södra produces biofuels for both road traffic, shipping, and aviation. The goal is to contribute to the necessary change by using residues efficiently, while the biofuels also generate increased profitability.
The development of liquid biofuels is a response to the transition required by global climate change. The biofuels market is growing, and liquid biofuels will increasingly replace fossil fuels. With several different investments, you do not commit to a single technical solution, but instead work broadly with different options and take care of different residue streams.
Liquid Forest™ Biomethanol – world’s first biomethanol plant
In connection to the pulp mill in Mönsterås, Södra is producing biomethanol from pulp mill residue. The first of a kind facility was ready for production in 2019, with an annual capacity of 5,500 tonnes. The methanol plant cleans the raw methanol to a chemical grade biomethanol. Today, the biomethanol is going into the biofuel industry. In the future, it might be used for fragrance or chemicals instead.
Silva Green Fuel – research facility
Silva Green Fuel is a collaboration formed in 2015 between the Norwegian energy company Statkraft and Södra to develop and produce advanced biofuel to replace fossil fuels.
Silva Green Fuel’s mission is to develop a cost-efficient technology for the large-scale production of second-generation liquid biofuels based on by-products, such as wood, shavings, and bark. Södra and Statkraft have made a joint investment in a demo facility at Tofte in Norway. Production in the demo plant is scheduled to start in 2021, with major future potential for scaling up.
SunPine – world’s first advanced biodiesel
SunPine is a world-leading biorefinery 25 per cent owned by Södra. SunPine produces second-generation renewable fuels and green chemicals from crude tall oil, which is a by-product of the pulp production process. SunPine makes green crude tall oil diesel that can be mixed with fossil diesel. At the same time SunPine extracts rosin, which among other things is used to produce printing inks, adhesives, turpentine for the perfume industry, and bio-oil, an alternative to fossil heating oils for industry.
In the air and at sea
Södra also has a joint project with the Dutch airline KLM, looking at how Södra can produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). The goal is a solution where conscious travellers pay a premium to fly green and that premium is then paid all the way back to the forest farmer. Today, the world’s only SAF is manufactured in the US, but there is great potential for production in Europe. The aviation industry is under pressure and needs to become more sustainable.
Discussions are also underway with engine manufacturers on the shipping side. A feasibility study shows that biomethanol can be very suitable for shipping, but also that products from Silva and SunPine can work for this purpose.